According to the Global Slavery Index there are more slaves now than at any time in human history. The Global Slavery Index has released new data that puts the number of slaves worldwide at 45.8 million. Slavery is illegal world wide and yet the problem continues to grow every year.
According to the latest report issued by American Colleges and Universities, one in four women will be sexually assaulted on campus by her senior year. Nationally, the statistic is one in five woman will be sexually assaulted sometime during their lifetime. Sexual Assault on college and university campuses is rampant.Students who do report rape on campus are drug through a long and frustrating process of literally trying to prove over and over again that they were raped. The majority of students will not report that they were assaulted, but instead will suffer in silence.
Human Trafficking is using force, fraud, or coercion to compel someone to perform a commercial sex or labor act. Force, fraud or coercion are not needed if there person involved is under the age of 18. Human trafficking is often confused with human smuggling. Physical movement is required in order to be smuggled, it is not required for human trafficking. Human Trafficking is a crime against a person, while human smuggling is a crime against a political border.
Human Trafficking can occur in massage parlors, Reiki salons, hotels, farms, truck stops, homes, restaurants, the fracking industry, construction, the oil industry, industrial facilities, sweatshops, embassies. The bottom line: Human Trafficking and Sexual Slavery can occur almost anywhere.
Labor exploitation is comprised of 60% men and 40% women. Sexual Exploitation is comprised of 98% women and 2% men. Women and Children are far more likely to be sexually exploited than men worldwide.
80% or more of child sexual incidents happen in isolated one -on- one situations (Finkelhor, D., 2012) . People who sexually abuse children are often known to the child and the child’s families. They will participate in family activities, gain the families trust and then gain alone time with the child. This behavior is called grooming.
Boundary violations include: Touching of private parts, touch that is uncomfortable or excessive, excessive tickling when a child says “no or stop”, speaking in a sexual way or showing sexual media, asking that a “secret ” be kept, having interactions that are overly private, asking youth or children to be in a isolated situation, gifts or privileges that are kept “private or secret”. Children should never be asked by an adult to “keep secrets” or “private information.”
Nationally one in five women will be sexually assaulted in their lifetime. In Utah, the rate is one in three women will be assaulted during her lifetime. Utah has one of the highest rates of sexually assault against women of any state in the nation. The economic costs are staggering. The estimated cost in Utah per year is $4.9 billion dollars. This equates to $1,700 per Utah resident.
Currently there is not a national protocol for healthcare and human trafficking. It can be difficult for healthcare providers to recognize trafficking victims when they seek care, especially in clinics and emergency rooms. If victims do present themselves in clinics or hospitals, in general they will not identify themselves as victims of trafficking. Why? Often victims do not understand they are victims of trafficking (Hofmann, 2015). In addition, mistrust of authorities and fear of being reported to law enforcement will prevent victims as identifying themselves as trafficked (Ahn et al.,2013).
The Yazidis are a small religious minority in Northern Iraq. In 2014, ISIS targeted Yazidi towns, slaughtering thousands and taking women and children as sex slaves. The AP reported that ISIS is using apps and databases to register the slaves, buy and sell them. All ISIS checkpoints in Iraq have this information through the apps and will block the slaves from escaping. The UN is calling these horrific actions genocide.