Human Trafficking can occur in massage parlors, Reiki salons, hotels, farms, truck stops, homes, restaurants, the fracking industry, construction, the oil industry, industrial facilities, sweatshops, embassies. The bottom line: Human Trafficking and Sexual Slavery can occur almost anywhere.
Labor exploitation is comprised of 60% men and 40% women. Sexual Exploitation is comprised of 98% women and 2% men. Women and Children are far more likely to be sexually exploited than men worldwide.
80% or more of child sexual incidents happen in isolated one -on- one situations (Finkelhor, D., 2012) . People who sexually abuse children are often known to the child and the child’s families. They will participate in family activities, gain the families trust and then gain alone time with the child. This behavior is called grooming.
Boundary violations include: Touching of private parts, touch that is uncomfortable or excessive, excessive tickling when a child says “no or stop”, speaking in a sexual way or showing sexual media, asking that a “secret ” be kept, having interactions that are overly private, asking youth or children to be in a isolated situation, gifts or privileges that are kept “private or secret”. Children should never be asked by an adult to “keep secrets” or “private information.”
Nationally one in five women will be sexually assaulted in their lifetime. In Utah, the rate is one in three women will be assaulted during her lifetime. Utah has one of the highest rates of sexually assault against women of any state in the nation. The economic costs are staggering. The estimated cost in Utah per year is $4.9 billion dollars. This equates to $1,700 per Utah resident.
Currently there is not a national protocol for healthcare and human trafficking. It can be difficult for healthcare providers to recognize trafficking victims when they seek care, especially in clinics and emergency rooms. If victims do present themselves in clinics or hospitals, in general they will not identify themselves as victims of trafficking. Why? Often victims do not understand they are victims of trafficking (Hofmann, 2015). In addition, mistrust of authorities and fear of being reported to law enforcement will prevent victims as identifying themselves as trafficked (Ahn et al.,2013).